HISTORY & ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE ASIAN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION & THE ASIAN LEGAL RESOURCE CENTRE, traces 30 years of work of the Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) and its sister organisation the Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC). Both the AHRC and the ALRC are based in Hong Kong, and work in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Cambodia, Indonesia, Thailand, South Korea, Hong Kong, and China.
The organisations were launched in 1984. The period was marked by the emergence of several authoritarian regimes in Asia. General Ne Win established a military regime in Burma in 1962. General Suharto established yet another military dictatorship in Indonesia after a horrendous massacre of about 1 million people in 1965. Subsequent years witnessed several military coups in Pakistan. In the Philippines, the elected President Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law and established an authoritarian regime. Indira Gandhi, the then Indian Prime Minister, swayed in the same direction. And in Sri Lanka, President J.R. Jayawardena radically altered the country’s constitution and acquired for himself absolute power.
All these and many other attempts elsewhere in Asia, to discard democracy and the rule of law and to deprive basic protections to the people, particularly to the poor, generated many forms of resistance. When faced with repression, the problem of suppression of human rights emerged as one of the major themes in the political life of Asian countries.
As a result, many human rights organisations took birth. Some of the leaders of these human rights movements realised the need for a regional human rights organisation that could support local human rights struggles in countries across Asia. A few of these leaders were brought together by the Christian Conference of Asia to form a regional organisation to enhance cooperation among those who were involved in various types of human rights struggles and to provide a forum for greater cooperation. This is how AHRC and ALRC began their work.
Subsequently, the organisations expanded their work in response to the struggles of the people, and set about developing a suitable model for cooperation within changing Asian contexts.
This book highlights the major areas of work of the AHRC and the ALRC and the significant achievements of the human rights activists involved in these organisations.