Case studies of torture committed by the police in Sri Lanka – Asian Human Rights Commission

There are a huge number of torture cases in Sri Lanka every year. Below are a few that the Asian Human Rights Commission has selected to illustrate the epidemic. The following cases are just a small fraction of the total number, however, they are useful as they all suggest a pattern, as follows.

(a) The most common method of criminal investigation is torture.

(b) When questioned, perpetrator police officers are almost always unrepentant and state that this is the way criminal investigations are conducted.

(c) Torture is used with the knowledge and approval of higher officers. With a few exceptions, the policy is to permit and encourage torture.

(d) Police discipline has been undermined due to this policy, and there is tacit agreement to ignore and pooh-pooh complaints by victims and their families or advocates.

(e) Act No 22 of 1994 makes torture by a state officer a serious offence punishable for not less than a seven-year mandatory sentence, but this law is ignored.

Glossary

Police officersIGP Inspector General of Police
DIG Deputy Inspector General
SSP Senior Superintendent of Police
ASP Assistant Superintendent of Police
OIC Officer in Charge
IP Inspector of Police
SI Sub Inspector
Sgt Sergeant
PC Police Constable
Medical officersDMO District Medical Officer
JMO Judicial Medical Officer

Institutions

AHRC Asian Human Rights Commission
ALRC Asian Legal Resource Centre
CID Criminal Investigation Department
NHRC National Human Rights Commission

(f) The responsibility for implementation of the Act is with the Attorney General who in a report to international bodies has said that there is a special unit to conduct investigation under the Act. However, there is no known case of an indictment or conviction. As torture is a non-bailable offence, if there were cases it would not be difficult to find out.

(g) There is no established policy to compensate victims of torture. Sometimes compensation is granted but is insignificant by international standards.

(h)The consequences of all the above are an inordinate escalation in acts of torture, their level of barbarity and concomitant brutality.

For this study we have chosen routine cases happening in ordinary police stations (police stations where the routine business of criminal investigation takes place) to ordinary people, and have deliberately avoided references to cases in areas where there is civil strife, conflict or security operations. These cases from ordinary police stations indicate how intense the practice of torture can be in areas devoid of extenuating circumstances. However it should be noted that under any circumstances Act No 22 of 1994 states that neither war, nor civil strife or a superior’s orders are excuses for committing torture.

1. Angeline Roshana Michael: Tortured over a wristwatch

At around 7:30pm on 3 December 2000 a group of people arrived at the house of Angaline Roshana MICHAEL , 25-years-old, in Narahenpita by private vehicle. One of them later identified as the OIC Crimes of NARAHENPITA Police Station, IP Selvin SALEH called for Angaline Roshana to go to the police station. This person did not wear any police uniform nor did he inform Roshana or her family about the reason for her arrest. Her family members protested and even asked how were they to know that Angeline was, in fact, being taken to the station. The OIC then threatened to break their teeth, and forcibly took her to the vehicle and left.

Angeline was then taken to a house where she had part-time employment washing clothes. At the house, she was told that some items in the house, including a valuable wristwatch, were missing. When she said that she knew nothing about these items, she was then told to go search and find them. She was forcibly kept in the house for about five hours. Meanwhile, members of the family of the house and the OIC drank liquor and enjoyed themselves.

At about 12:30am, she was brought to the Narahenpita Police Station where she was assaulted by three officers armed with a rubber hose, a wooden club and another object with wires around it. She was also laid on a table and the soles of her feet were hit. The assault continued up to around 2am. She was also forced to sign a confession. She was detained at the station on December 4 & 5, and the police often threatened to hang her up and beat her. These threats were usually made when the lady of the house where the wristwatch had allegedly gone missing visited the station.

During the day, a lawyer from the Human Rights Institute, W R Sanjeewa, visited the police station and asked for her to be produced in court. Dr Nalin Swaris, an associate member of ALRC, was approached by Angeline’s family and also visited the police station and talked to the OIC. When Dr Swaris asked the OIC to respect Angeline Roshana’s legal rights, the officer replied that “the laws of the country are too weak”. When asked when she would be produced in court, the OIC only cynically smiled. However due to frequent interventions on her case by her parents, Mr Sanjeewa, Dr Swaris and others, she was produced before a magistrate, to whom she complained of being tortured. The magistrate ordered her to be produced before a JMO, who recorded several injuries, as follows:

1. Contusion 4 bv 3″ lateral and postero-lateral left shoulder area.

2. Contusion 2″ by 2″ back of the upper left arm close to the arm pit.

3. Contusion 3″ by I” obliquely across the back of mid-left upper arm

4. Contusion 3″by 3″ lateral right shoulders area

5. Contusion 3″ 1/1/2″ the mid left buttock

6. Contusion 2,1/2″ diameter lower left buttock extending down to the upper left thigh

7. Contusion 3″by 1,l/2 lower right buttock

The JMO concluded that all the injuries were caused by assault with blunt objects like a rubber hose, wooden club etc., and that the age of the injuries matched the date and time that Angeline Roshana claimed to have been assaulted.

Witnesses also submitted affidavits on her behalf. IP Saleh denied that he had tortured her or otherwise violated her rights. A magistrate in Colombo subsequently dismissed the case of theft filed against her by the Narahenpita Police Station.

Angeline Roshana submitted a fundamental rights application to the Supreme Court with the assistance of AHRC, and was represented in court by W R Sanjeewa. The OIC invoked the names of powerful persons to support his case and further stated that the complaint against Angline was initiated by the daughter of one of the President’s counsel. Vivika Siriwardene de Silva, a state counsel, also appeared for the defence when the fundamental rights application first came before the Supreme Court. On an earlier occasion the Supreme Court was informed by the alleged perpetrator that the Attorney General’s Department would not assist the defence in this case as the matter was one of torture, and he produced a letter to that effect. It is not clear as to how this earlier decision was reversed.

Notwithstanding, on 2 August 2002 the Supreme Court vindicated Angeline Roshana by handing down a judgement in her favour. The court held that the police had violated her rights guaranteed under Articles 11, 13(1) and 13(2) of the Constitution. In the judgement delivered by Justice Mark Fernando the court awarded her compensation of 100,000 rupees (US,172). The court’s judgement included the following remarks:

The Petitioner [Angeline Roshana] seeks relief from this Court for the alleged infringement of her fundamental rights under Articles 11, 13(1) and 13(2), by reason of her arrest by the 1st Respondent the Officer-in-Charge (Crimes) of the Narahenpita Police [IP Selvin Saleh] at about 8.00 p.m. on 3.12.2000; her detention in Police custody thereafter until she was produced before a Magistrate shortly before noon on 5.12.2000; and the cruel inhuman and degrading treatment to which she was subjected whilst in Police custody.

The principal issue is whether the Petitioner was arrested at 5.10 p.m. on the 4th [or 8p.m. on the 3rd, as attested to by the Petitioner]. If so there was by then a complaint of theft against her, which would probably have given rise to a reasonable suspicion justifying arrest. The Petitioner did not allege any assault after 5.10 p.m., and she was produced in Court within 24 hours. If she had been arrested at that time this application has to be dismissed.

There are several reasons why the 1st Respondent’s version is unacceptable, while the Petitioner’s is credible.

The Petitioner’s position that the Complainant came with two Police officers in civils on the 3rd night is amply corroborated by her neighbour and her mother, and is inherently probable. It is to some extent confirmed by the Complainant’s statement that she “got down” the Petitioner to her residence. It is of course, possible that the Complainant “got her down” in some other way – by sending a message, or sending some one else – but there is no evidence of any such thing. Her only other employee was away on leave. The Petitioner was hardly likely to have come alone and gone back alone, at that time of the night.

The supporting affidavits establish that at several subsequent points of time the Petitioner was observed to be in Police custody – at the Complainant’s residence and at the Police station. As against those, the 1st Respondent has failed to submit affidavits from the Complainant or any member of her family, or from Tissera or any other Police Officer.

Finally, the 1st Respondent’s affidavit is not worthy of credit. He averred that he set out to investigate with two officers, although his “Out” entry refers only to one. He gave the time of arrest as 5.10 hours which his Counsel says was a mistake for 5.10 p.m. He did not explain how he came to use a private vehicle, for over eight hours – from 10.00 am till 6.30 p.m. Who was the owner of that vehicle, and who drove it? Why did he make it available? Were official vehicles not available? Besides, the 1st Respondent does not explain why it took him over seven hours to arrest the Petitioner. Considering that the Complainant had already delayed fifteen hours to make a complaint, it was essential that he should have acted promptly to question the suspect and to try to recover the watch. Further, the Petitioner had averred that the 1st Respondent and a Police party had searched her house at 1.30 p.m. The 1st Respondent simply denied that, and said nothing whatever about a search but his notes, purportedly written at 5.10 p.m., do refer to a search before arrest.

In an attempt to explain the delay in arresting the Petitioner, his Counsel referred to the 1st Respondent’s “In” entry which mentioned a telephone call, supposed to have been received at 11.30 am on the 4th to the effect that a suspect who was already under arrest on a charge of rape had pointed out the scene of the alleged offence, and that the 1st Respondent had gone to the scene of the alleged offence, and made his observations. That was a matter that should have been averred in the affidavit, and it is unsafe to rely on the Police statements and notes, which are by no means the best evidence, as substantive evidence. However, in the certified copy of his notes produced by the 1st Respondent, the portion relating to the period between 11.30 am and 5.10 p.m. has been omitted. The delay has not been satisfactorily explained. It is far more likely that entries were made to cover up an illegal arrest on the 3rd.

I hold that the 1st Respondent’s claim that he had arrested the Petitioner on 4.12.2000 was false, and I hold that the Petitioner has established beyond reasonable doubt that the 1st Respondent arrested her at about 8.00 p.m. on the 3rd although there was then no complaint which could have given rise to a reasonable suspicion of theft. Further, the 1st Respondent failed to make a correct entry in regard to her arrest, and subjected her to cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment. In direct consequence of his failure to make a correct entry, the Petitioner was detained for a period in excess of that permitted by law. I grant the Petitioner a declaration that her fundamental rights under Articles 11. 13(1) and 13(2) have been infringed by the 1st Respondent, and I award her compensation and costs in a sum of Rs 100,000 payable on or before 30.9.2002, of which Rs 70,000 shall be paid by the State and Rs 30,000 by the 1st Respondent personally.

The Prosecution of Torture Victim’s Unit has also inquired into Angeline Roshana’s compliant of torture, and has filed an indictment against IP Saleh and another officer. Meanwhile, IP Saleh has fled the country for an unknown destination.

2. Nandini Herat: Beaten and raped in custody

Herat Pathirannehelage Nandini Sriyalatha HERAT is a 39-year-old unmarried woman who was arrested by several police officers from Wariapola in civilian clothes on 8 March 2002. She was arrested at her home in the presence of her family and was kept for two days in the WARIAPOLA Police Station, during which time she was severely tortured.

The forms of torture included stripping her naked and inserting a pipe-like object in her vagina, which made her bleed and caused immense pain. Once she was produced in court, she complained to the magistrate, who ordered an inquiry.

Her own hand-written statement is as follows (translated from Sinhala).

I was brought to the Wariapola Police Station on 8 March 2002 around 6:15pm. [The police] came to our home in a white coloured vehicle. There were four people dressed in civilian clothes. Because I was bathing at the time, they asked my father if Nandini was at home. Hearing that I peeped from the wall near the well. Because I saw someone known to me I wrapped a towel above by bathing clothes and went there. One of them was examining my younger sister’s identity card. His name is WARNAKULASURIYA. He said they needed to record a statement by me. When I asked about what, they did not tell me. Warnakulasuriya, the OIC Crimes and a person I did not know came inside our house. They did not give me room to put on my clothes. When I asked RATHNATILEKE, who was standing at the door, to move away as I wanted to dress he did not do so.

My mother came to the vehicle to accompany me. But they did not allow her to get into the vehicle. When I was getting into the vehicle I saw a person with his head covered by a white sheet. I do not know who he was. They brought me [to the station] and made me sit on a bench. At that time there were no women present. 10-15 minutes later an elderly woman arrived. Between 7:15 and 7:30pm Ananda arrived. He was dressed in gurupata trousers and a white tee shirt. He said that today had been good for getting a bite. I asked that I be taken home. I was not given any food or drink that evening. I asked several times why I was brought there but I was not told the reason. Around 8:30pm Ananda, Rathnatileke and Warnakulasuriya arrived. I heard the reserve policeman calling out to some individuals and to a woman. Those three were very drunk. Warnasuriya first beat me with a pole. I felt my left arm becoming lifeless. I felt faint. Ananda removed my clothes. I asked him not to remove my clothes. I screamed. After my clothes were removed. Someone struck me a blow from behind. I could not recognise who it was. Ananda put something like a tube into my vagina. Warnakulasuriya kept my mouth shut with his hand. Rathnathileke stood by the front door and watched. At that time the back door was closed. [He said] “This is only a foretaste. It is tomorrow that the job will be done.”

Blood was pouring from my vagina and I felt a sharp pain in my underbelly. The blood was dripping onto the cement floor. Ananda called the woman and told her to cut a piece from my towel and bring it. The woman brought the towel. Ananda tore it in half and gave me one piece. I wore it. With the other piece he wiped the blood on the floor. After that he asked Rathnatieleke something. I did not hear what he said. I heard Rathnatileke say “Put it in Cupboard 4 of the Crimes Division. Tomorrow let us throw it far away.” A little while later because I felt sick I slept right there. I vomited around 5.30am. The OIC told the woman to wash the vomit. “Can’t say if the ASP might come round”, he said. I asked the OIC for medicine and to send me to hospital. He paid no attention to that but gave me a blow. He scolded me with raw filth. After a short while I went to the OIC’s room and asked again why I was brought there. Then Rathnaileke said, “You have no house to go now; they have given it the works also.” I could not think about anything at that time. Around 10:30 that morning the OIC beat me again with a large pole. At that time I was terribly sick. The OIC Crimes asked him not to beat me. After that I was not beaten. By that time I was in a semi-conscious state.

The following night the woman who was locked up with me gave me tea and two snacks from what had been brought for her. There were some others also locked up. I cannot remember who they were. I heard them talking, but I have no memory of what was said. The next morning Warnakulasuriya took me to the Crimes Section, opened a big book and told me, “Sign your statement.” At that time no statement had been recorded from me, therefore I hesitated to sign it. But because WPC #2212 kicked me hard from behind and because I could not endure any more pain and because I was terribly hungry, I thought whatever might happen it does not matter and signed the statement.

Around 12:30 that day I was forcibly taken again in a white coloured vehicle. I refused to get in and did not get in. I was forced into the vehicle. Inside the van was the driver of the vehicle and Warnakulasuriya dressed in civilian clothes. Rathnatileke was dressed in uniform. There was another constable in civies. The vehicle went along Nikaveratiya Road. It stopped near a large Mara tree and Rathnatileke and Warnakulasuriya went there. There were officers in civilian clothes standing by he door of the vehicle. After that I was taken to the Wariapola courthouse. While I was in the van Warnakulasuriya went inside the courthouse. He came back after 5 to 10 minutes. I remember that he had a paper in his hand. After that I was taken to the Wariapola hospital. I told a doctor about my sick condition. Though he asked me to sit down there was nothing there to sit on. Rathnatileke and Wranakulasuriya were there all the time. On the way to Kurunegala the vehicle stopped near several shops.

I was handed over to the Kurunegala Prison. Till I came to the prison I had had nothing to eat. They gave me food brought from Kurunegala. On March 10 I was taken to hospital. [Then after making a complaint to the warden of prison] on March 13, 14 and 15 I was taken to the hospital for visits. On March 17 around 3pm I was examined in the orthopedic section of the hospital. I am still being taken to hospital. On the day I was brought to court I made a public statement to the lady magistrate.

Nandini has been unable to go to private doctors or to pursue investigations into the case of her own accord as she is being kept in prison in remand. Her father has been severely threatened by the local police and higher officers not to pursue the complaint. Lawyers are reluctant to help the victim’s family because of fear of repercussions. Nonetheless, Nandini made a similar statement to the magistrate of the Wariapola Magistrate’s Court, who issued the following order:

While the police have the right to arrest an accused and investigate and take a statement from him about the relevant happenings, the police have no power to inhumanely assault anyone. I order Deputy Inspector General Wayaba to investigate this matter and submit a complete report to this court. I order the registrar of this court to send a copy of this order to the Deputy Inspector General of Police.

The Prosecution of Torture Perpetrators Unit of the Attorney General’s department forwarded the information provided by AHRC on this case to CID and asked CID to conduct a criminal investigation into the allegations. The letter from the Attorney General’s department further stated that upon completion of the criminal investigation, the investigative material should be studied to consider the institution of criminal proceedings against the perpetrators.

At the start of August, the five officers-including the OIC-of the Wariapola Police Station were charged before the Wariapola Magistrate’s Court. The DIG in charge of the Wayaba area filed the charges. However, the charges are merely causing simple and grievous hurt to Nandini. These are comparatively less serious offences than charges or rape or torture. What is more, the gravity of state officers inflicting torture on a civilian has been brought down to merely physical hurt caused by one civilian to another. The officers pleaded not guilty to the charges. When a bail application was made on behalf of the police officers, Priyantha Gamage, the attorney who appeared for Nandini, objected to bail on the grounds that the officers were still holding their positions, and also that they would be likely to interfere with the witnesses and to harass them. Mr Gamage also stated that the police officers should have been charged for torture under Act No 22 of 1994, and the offences under that Act are unbailable. The magistrate granted 10 000 rupees bail for each of the accused. She also ordered that their passports be impounded and the immigration and airport authorities be informed of this order. The magistrate severely warned the accused not to harass the witnesses. She also stated that it was embarrassing to have the same officers who prosecute others to appear in court as the accused. Therefore she requested that the Judicial Service Commission assign a different court to hear this case. The next hearing has been fixed for 1 October 2002.

There has been strong pressure locally and from outside to bring the culprits to justice. A huge crowd of villagers came to court to witness the case. Many people expressed frustration with the accused police officers, as they continue to be in service after being charged with a criminal offence. In fact, the law requires that any government officer charged with a criminal offence should be interdicted from service till the end of the case.

In another dramatic development, the accused police officers were reported in the press to be engaged in a campaign to oust the DIG who filed the charges against them, with the help of some powerful local politicians. The Minister of Women’s Affairs, who lives very close to the police station where Nandini was tortured and sexually harassed, has throughout tried to defend the police officers. When asked by the BBC Sinhala service whether she talked to the victim to find out her side of the story, she said only that she had promised to talk to the victim. However, the Minister has not yet spoken to the victim. Instead, it is widely believed that she is simply trying to protect the police officers.

AHRC has since sent a letter to the Prime Minster, the Attorney General and DIG Wayaba, requesting the filing of charges against the police officers for committing the offence of torture as defined under Act No 22 of 1994.

This case recalls that of HEWAGE Ranjini Rupika, who was tortured on 11 September 2001 by IP SAMARASINGHE of MATHUGAMA Police Station. The police came to her home looking for her husband, and when she replied that he was not at home she was hit with wooden poles and kicked in the belly. When she cried that she was pregnant, the assaults were continued. Then she was taken into a jeep where there were others. She was then taken in the jeep for about two hours, after which she was kept at the police station.

She began to bleed at about 9:30pm and complained to the woman warden. Nothing was done to help her. On September 15 she was handed over to her mother and mother in law. She was instructed to come to the Mathugama Magistrate’s Court on September 21. Her family took her to the Pimbura District Hospital. She was kept at the hospital for three days, to stop the bleeding. She was advised by the doctor not to get down from bed and to take complete rest. Thus, she could not go to the court on September 21 as instructed. She started bleeding again on September 23, and was again taken to the same hospital from where she was immediately dispatched to Kaluthara General Hospital (Nagoda) by ambulance. As it was not possible to stop to the bleeding of the womb, the womb was washed and she lost the child. She was three months pregnant at the time.

3. Lalith Rajapakse: “Minimum force”

19-year-old S Lalith RAJAPAKSE was taken to hospital in an unconscious state by police officers of the KANDANA Police Station on 20 April 2002. He had been arrested two days earlier and was tortured on April 18 and 19. His condition was described in the interim medical report as most likely due to assault. The JMO’s report, which was submitted later, notes the following injuries:

1. Healing scab abrasion 2 inches x 3 inches on the right scapular region;

2. Healing scab abrasion 1 inch x 1 inch on the back of the right elbow;

3. Healing scab abrasion 2 inches x 1 1/2 inches on the front of the right chest;

4. Contusion 2 inches x 3 inches on the back of the left hand;

5. Contusion 2 inches x 3 inches on the front of the left forearm;

6. Contusion 1 inch x 1 1/2 inches on the medical side of the left hand;

7. Contusion 1 inch x 2 inches on the lateral side of the left hand;

8. Contusion 2 inches x 2 inches on the sole of the left foot;

9. Contusion 2 inches x 1 inch on the sole of the right foot ; and,

10. Cerebral contusion.

The last injury is described in the report as ‘grievous’, that is, sufficient to cause death.

Lalith Rajapakse was arrested on the night of April 18 at about 10pm by several police officers of the Kandana Police Station. When he was arrested, he was hit with a boot on his forehead by one officer and beaten with the wooden handle of an axe on the back and other parts of his body and dragged to a jeep waiting outside his house. He was then taken to the Kandana Police Station and put inside a cell. On the evening and night of April 19, several police officers hit him all over his body after he was put on a bench. He was severely hit on his soles with blunt instruments. In addition, books were placed on his head, and these books were vigorously hit with blunt instruments. He was then bathed in water. On April 20 at about 10am, his grandfather, Elaris, found his grandson’s body lying on the floor of the cell in the Kandana Police Station, and he appeared to be dead. Elaris immediately sought the help of a local politician (Member of Parliament Jayalath Jayawardene) who made inquiries. When Elaris returned to the police station he was told that Lalith had been taken to Ragama General Hospital. At the hospital, Elaris found Lalith on a stretcher, still in a state of apparent unconsciousness. Later in the day on April 20 Elaris and Lalith’s mother learned that he had been taken from Ragama General Hospital to the National Hospital in Colombo.

Lalith remained in a completely unconscious condition for 15 days from April 20. He began to recover slowly after this period of time and began to speak, sometimes with clarity, only after May 13. On May 15, he was transferred to the remand hospital in Welikade.

After sending Lalith to the hospital, the police had to create an explanation of how the suspect came to have these injuries. For this purpose, they opened three files, two relating to robbery charges and one attempt to resist arrest, which resulted in the police claiming that they needed to use “minimum force” to subdue the victim. Then the police officers took these files to an acting magistrate and, without producing the suspect before the magistrate, got an order to remand him in custody. On this basis, Lalith was in remand custody until May 17. On that day, when an application was made for bail, the magistrate vacated this order on the basis that the original order, made without producing the suspect, was illegal.

A complaint on behalf of Lalith Rajapakse was made to the magistrate of the Wattala Magistrate’s Court under Act No 22 of 1994. It respectfully requested that the matter be brought to the notice of the Attorney General of Sri Lanka and be investigated and prosecuted by the special unit functioning under the Attorney General for the enforcement of the Act. The court granted leave to appeal and ordered the respondents be given notice.

The Supreme Court of Sri Lanka has also issued leave to proceed in a fundamental rights application on the case. The petitioner is W R Sanjeewa, attorney at law, on behalf of S Lalith Rajapakse. The respondents are IP N D B ATTANAYAKE, OIC Kandana; SI PEIRIS and PC WIJERATNE (#311125), both of whom are officers attached to the same police station; the IGP and the Attorney General.

On August 1 the Attorney General also ordered the Prosecution of Torture Victim’s Unit to initiate an inquiry into Lalith Rajapakse’s case. The CID recorded his statement, and that of other witnesses, on the same day.

Since complaints have been made, the police have threatened Lalith’s family. A certain Madu Madurawala visited a dry fish trader, Lal Appuhamy, who has a long time acquaintance with Elaris, with a message from the OIC Kandana:

(a)Tell Lal Appuhamy to put poison on the dry fish that will be purchased by Elaris, who has refused to withdraw the complaints made on behalf of Lalith Rajapakse of torture by the Kandana police;

(b) Inform of any place that Elaris may be going to have liquor, so that people can be told to put poison in Elaris’s drinks;

(c) Gangs will come and destroy Elaris’s house; and,

(d) A contract has been given to a person at Hunupitiya to kill Lal Appuhamy [if he fails].

Meanwhile, messages were sent for Lal Appuhamy to come to Kandana Police Station. He was brought on one occasion by force, but was rescued by the intervention a lawyer.

This kind of beating, with blunt weapons, and subsequent intimidation of relatives and associates of the victim, is occurring with alarming regularity in Sri Lanka. In a similar incident, MULLAKANDAGE Lasantha Jagath Kumara, a 23-year-old soldier, living in Payagala with his wife and child, was beaten to death. Officers of the PAYAGALA Police Station arrested him on 12 June 2000, and illegally detained him for five days, during which time he was subjected to torture and abuse. He was produced before the Kaluthara Magistrate’s Court on June 17 and remanded in custody. Due to continued severe assaults, he died at Welikada Prison on June 20.

The JMO who conducted the autopsy ruled that the death was due to damage caused to muscles and tissue by blunt weapons, which rendered the kidneys ineffective. The magistrate who held the enquiry into the death was of the opinion that this was a homicide. An enquiry into this death was held at the Colombo Magistrate’s Court. The police failed to even appear in court for six months, in order that an investigation may be undertaken into the case. Subsequently, the investigation was handed over to the DIG South.

The suspects are all police personnel belonging to Payagala Police Station including OIC IDDAMALGODA and IP Prasanna. The police officers investigating this murder and presenting materials before court are all protecting their fellow police personnel. They have invariably presented incorrect materials before court. Evidence given by witnesses has not been recorded, while some witnesses have been threatened. The police have since submitted a report on this murder to the Attorney General. This report too is full of incorrect material. No response has been received from the Attorney General’s Department as yet. The magistrate has not issued orders to arrest the suspects.

4. Gerald Perera: Surviving on life support*

Waragodamudalige Gerald Mervyn PERERA a 39-year-old father of two children was tortured by eight police officers at the WATTALA Police Station (Colombo), resulting in him being put on a life-support system.

On 3 June 2002 after finishing his work at the Colombo Dockyard around 9am, Gerald Perera went to his mother’s place at Alwis Town. Having spent some time there, around 11am he went by bus to Ekala. At Ekala he bought some groceries to take home and then took the Gampaha bus go to his home at Gonagaha. Around 12:45pm he got off at the Welikada junction and started walking towards his home.

Suddenly, two persons dressed in civilian clothes grabbed him by the hands and took him to a jeep that was parked nearby, saying, “It’s you we want. We were waiting till you came”, and pushed him into the jeep. Seeing his wife and three-year-old son inside the jeep, Gerald asked, “Where is our daughter?” Sobbing she replied, “They did not allow me to fetch her from the pre-school.” Realising that the men in the jeep were police officers, Gerald Perera pleaded with them, “Please collect my daughter and drop the three of them at my sister’s house in Alwis town.” This request was not heeded. His wife and son were dropped on the roadside and he was taken away blindfolded. He was not given any reason for his arrest, let alone a warrant issued by a court of law. Ten officers were present at the time of the arrest and none of them wore police uniforms. He was taken into the Wattala Police Station and was brutally assaulted by the officers attached to this station, namely, OIC Sena SURAWEERA; SI Kosala NAVARATNE, OIC Crimes, SI Suresh GUNARATNE and several other police officers.

Gerald Perera’s hands were tied behind his back, his eyes were blindfolded and he was hung from a beam and brutally tortured for about one hour. He was severely beaten with an iron bar on his back, legs, abdomen, and other body parts. Thereafter he was untied and brought upstairs. He was laid on the floor and his hands were burnt with matches. He was questioned about a murder case of which he knew nothing, and was kept at the station on the night of June 3.

Around 10am on June 4, his brother Ranjit Perera visited the station along with the Chairman and Vice Chairman of the Pradhesiya Sabha (Provincial Council) and inquired about him from the OIC. They were told that Gerald Perera had been taken into custody due to false information relating to a triple homicide.

Gerald Perera was released from the police station on the morning of June 4. Complaining of severe pains, he was taken to Yakkala Wickramarachchi Ayurvedic Hospital. The doctor who examined him advised that he should be taken to an emergency hospital as he was in a serious condition. He was then taken to Nawaloka Hospital in Colombo. While in the hospital Gerald Perera made a statement to an officer from another police station about the torture. To date, whether or not he will survive the injuries remains uncertain.

The victim’s wife has written a testimony on his case. Extracts follow:

My name is Pathma Wickremaratne. I am the wife of Gerald Perera, who is at the moment undergoing treatment in the intensive care unit of the private hospital in Nawaloka.

I am the mother of two children who are respectively 5 and 3 years old. My husband is an employee of the Colombo Dockyard…

On June 3 this year, my husband was returning home after working his shift from noon of June 2 until 9am on June 3. While walking home, some police officers of the Wattala Police Station, dressed in civilian clothes, took him by jeep to the Wattala Police Station on suspicion of having committed murder. At the station, his hands were tied behind his back, and he was suspended from a beam. He was mercilessly beaten with wooden poles and an iron rod in order to extract a confession of murder from him. As the murders were committed at about 2:30pm on June 2, my husband was at work [at that time].

The next morning the police released him, saying that they had arrested the wrong person and that it was a case of mistaken identity. My husband though was suffering intense pain throughout his body. We took him to a local doctor who said that his condition is very serious and that he must be admitted immediately to a hospital with modern emergency care facilities.

We rushed him to the Nawaloka Hospital where he was admitted to the intensive care unit. On June 14, my husband’s condition became critical, and he lapsed into unconsciousness. He is now on a life-support system due to renal failure because of the injuries inflicted on him.

My husband is on the kitchen staff of the Colombo Dockyard. He was able to support our little family in modest comfort with his salary. We rushed my husband to a private hospital for emergency treatment. The hospital bills to date, excluding the fees of the specialists, have risen to more than 500,000 rupees (US,859). I do not have the means to pay such huge bills. The members of our family will have to sell the little property we have to pay them, and we will fall into destitution. My husband’s kidneys are only 10 percent functional and are supported by a kidney machine. If my husband’s renal failure becomes chronic, he will die. I will then be widowed, and my children will lose their father, our family’s breadwinner.

This terrible tragedy has overcome us because the police did not do a proper investigation and took my husband away on a mistaken identity.

My husband is a God-fearing and law-abiding person, respected by the community and loved by his fellow employees at the Colombo dockyard. Since June 4, I have been keeping vigil every day at the hospital outside of the intensive care unit, praying and hoping my husband will regain consciousness and recover from his massive injuries.

AHRC has demanded that the government of Sri Lanka guarantee that all medical care is supplied to this torture victim. If the victim does not survive the crime committed by the police officers involved will be one of murder. A fundamental rights violation application has also been filed on Gerald Perera’s behalf with the assistance of AHRC. Pressure is being brought by some officers to have their names removed from this application.

On 17 June 2002 three judges of the Supreme Court heard submissions of the petitioner in a fundamental rights violation case. At the time the petition was being made Gerald Perera was still unconscious on life support system. The court granted leave to proceed. Meanwhile, when the BBC Sinhala Service interviewed a police officer regarding the case he said that they used only “minimum force” on Gerald Perera. Around 500 residents of the area where he used to live also organised a protest meeting and demonstrations over this act of violence. The BBC Sinhala service quoted an organiser of the demonstration as saying that complaints have been made to the Prime Minister, the IGP, Chief Justice, and opposition party leaders. The case has also been taken up by the World Organization Against Torture (OMCT).

5. V K Swarnarehka: Murdered by fellow police officers

V K Swarnarhka was a healthy 30-year-old police officer at VAVUNIYA Police Station, She left home on 8 March 1993 to report to work and by noon the next day her family was called to come and collect her body, with a message that she committed suicide. The family was not called to be present at the post-mortem inquiry or even to identify the body. All that was done by the police themselves by the time body was handed over to the family.

The investigating doctor identified cause of death as a cardio-respiratory failure following ingestion of insecticide. He did not send any samples for toxicological analysis. The family was suspicious and went to the nearby magistrate’s court to call for exhumation of the body. The court debated the issue for one year before a new magistrate arrived and made an order for exhumation. A second doctor issued a report declaring a lack of evidence of insecticide and ordering parts of the body be sent for toxicological analysis. He deferred his final findings till he discussed them with the doctor who made the first inquiry. The government analyst’s department reported negatively on the presence of any poisonous element. The doctor however, after talking to the doctor who did the first inquiry, opined that the first report was correct. All three medical reports were sent to the medical college for expert opinion. A professor of forensic science gave his view that the first doctor should have sent the body parts for toxicological analysis and that there was no evidence of death by taking insecticide. On the available evidence it was not possible to determine whether death was due to suicide, homicide or just for natural reasons.

This debate on medical reports has gone on for nine years now. It is obvious that this healthy young woman’s death was never suspected to be due to natural reasons. If suicide is excluded, the other possibility is homicide. There are many reasons that have made the family believe that this is a case of homicide. The last thing known about the deceased person’s whereabouts was a telephone call from the local police station by the ASP asking Swarnarehka to come to his office immediate with a divided skirt worn by athletes. She had obeyed the orders and reported accordingly. Within two hours she was dead. Within the next two hours, the postmortem, embalming and everything was done, without any information to, or participation by, the family. The police have not answered the questions of the family about the details of the death and were very hostile to the family. The family has heard conflicting versions about the death from different officers. The family believes that higher-ranking police officers have made secret inquiries about the death and have hushed up the findings.

This is a case where the only persons who know about the death are the police officers of this particular station. The family believes there were over 40 officers, including women, at the station. Only through rigorous interrogation of the police officers can what really took place be found out. The suicide story, which has been discounted, casts suspicion that there has been police complicity.

The case should have been referred for inquiry to the CID. However, for over nine years now no inquiry had been undertaken. The family has written to every one, including the Attorney General and the NHRC. However, there has been no attempt to assure the family that justice will be done.

The case is similar to that of D M A DISSANAYAKE. In his case, the magistrate of the court at Vavuniya held on 22 January 2001 that, “According to the available evidence before inquest proceedings that the death of the deceased Basnayake Mudiyanselage Ariyathilake Dissanayake PC 33921 attached to VAVUNIYA Police [Station] has been caused by gunshot injuries in suspicious circumstances”. The court ordered proceedings to arrest the suspects and produce them before the court. The court criticized the poor police investigation on the death of police personnel. The court directed DIG Vanni to pay personal attention to this inquiry. The court further directed that the Registrar forward the findings to the DIG, IGP and Attorney General for special instructions.

The findings were based on the following facts, summed up in the court order. The deceased was admitted to the General Hospital, Anuradhapura, with a firearm injury on 28 October 1999, and died on November 12. The deceased made a ‘dying declaration’ to his father Dissanayake Mudiyanselage Gunathilake, to the effect that he had been fired upon from the back. According to the postmortem examination the death was “due to firearm injuries to the abdomen”. Further, the consultant surgeon recorded his findings as death due to an “entry wound, back of chest”.

No police investigation team visited the hospital to record his statement. It surprised the court that police personnel had been injured and admitted to hospital with gunshot injuries without proper investigation by the Police Headquarters, Vavuniya, and their superiors. The parents and lover of the deceased made allegations against Police Headquarters Vavuniya to indicate that “the police have not recorded the statement from his son or lover respectively [and] did not hold investigation between the incident took place and his death (15 days)”. The court accepted the allegation and instructed that the Police Headquarters should respond. Despite the magistrate’s order, no inquiry has taken place and no one has been arrested.

6. K A Samarasinghe: Physical and mental incapacitation

Kodithuwakku Arachchige SAMARASINGHE was allegedly tortured throughout the day of 11 November 2001 at the BADURALIYA Police Station, Kaluthara. He was kept in the station till November 14. On the night of 11 November he was taken out of his cell and-handcuffed behind his back-beaten with wooden sticks, causing injuries to his buttocks, thighs, feet, knees and dislocation of his left shoulder. The following morning he was again taken from the cell, slapped on the head and ears, beaten behind the knees and on the buttocks with broomsticks. Police also forced him to drink illicit liquor by pouring it down his nostrils. As a result he lost consciousness. He was then taken to the mental hospital in Mulleriyawa. Due to the wounds and his mother’s representation that he had been tortured, the mental hospital refused to admit him. He was then taken to the Kaluthara General Hospital (Nagoda), and was admitted. He regained consciousness on November 16, and was hospitalised till November 22, however, the wounds were not cured and he took Ayurvedic treatment to address persistent problems.

On December 3 a human rights NGO based in Panadura, Janasansadaya, took K A Samarasinghe to the NHRC and through the Commission produced him before a JMO in Colombo. The JMO noted the presence of scars on his left cheek, back, right arm and forearm, wrists, right thigh, lower right leg, knees and right foot, and swelling of the left foot with “restriction of movements of ankle and the toes”; x-rays revealed a fracture in his left foot. The JMO found that the scars were consistent with beating and with “struggling on a rough surface, rough manhandling, and assaulting with rough blunt weapons”, handcuffing, falls and prolonged kneeling, such that, “Aging of the scars and fracture was consistent with the history given by the patient.”

After examination the JMO referred him to the Orthopedic Clinic at Colombo General Hospital and from there he was referred back to the Kaluthara General Hospital. He was again admitted to the hospital from December 4 till 10. Complaints have been filed at the NHRC. As result of torture he has lost the capacity to work as a carpenter, his former occupation.

K A Samarasinghe has named the OIC Baduraliya and SI DAMMIKA as the persons who tortured him. No steps have been taken by the Attorney General’s department to file criminal charges against the perpetrators.

7. Gresha de Silva: On orders from above

Galappathi Guruge Gresha DE SILVA was the 32-year-old manager of the Green Garden Hotel, Katugoda. He was taken into police custody on 22 March 2002, together with one Buddhika, a relative of his, by police officers from HABARADUWA Police Station. They were taken to the Habaraduwa Police Station in a police jeep. Both were told to sit on a bench while the OIC of the Police Station talked to someone over the telephone. Gresha heard him saying, “We have brought in Gresha. Okay, Sir! Right Sir.”

Then Gresha was told, “Tell the truth, if you want to be saved.” The officer was talking about a murder that took place on March 9. Gresha answered, “On that day I was with a group of tourists at Nuwara-Eliya. I do not know anything about this.”

Then the OIC took Gresha to the police barracks at Ahangama. His clothes were removed by force. His hands were tied behind his back. He was hung from the beams. He was beaten with wooden poles and pipes by OIC SATISGAMAGE, SI ARIYARATNE, SI LEKAMVASAM, Sgt CHANDRASOMA, and others in civilian clothes. He was hung and beaten five times the same way by the same persons, and was also hung by the fingers. He asked for water and was told, “When you tell the truth, the water will be given.” He asked, “How can I tell something that I do not know?” He was not given water.

He was brought back to Habaraduwa Police Station. Buddhika had been released by then. Gresha found his hands to be numb and he could not even take any food with them. Some sympathetic officers told Buddhika that Gresha was assaulted on “orders from above”. Attorney Chandrika Ranmalla visited Gresha on the same night and was told the whole story.

Gresha was released at noon of March 23. He was hospitalized from March 23 to April 11. He was examined by Prof Niriella, a well-known forensic specialist, and was told that the loss of use of both hands is likely to be permanent.

Gresha has made a complaint to the Police Station at Galle through his lawyer Kumara Bandara. A representative from the Deputy Inspector General recorded a statement from him while he was in hospital, but to date no action has been taken.

8. Anura Wejesiri: A corpse with two hearts and four lungs

On 11 January 2001 Anura WIJESIRI was visited by his brother, Jagodege Ranjit Wejisiri, while in custody at INGIRIYA Police Station. Anura said that he had been assaulted by the police on the previous night and was likely to be assaulted again that night. He named the two people who assaulted him as Sgts Lal and Ranjith.

Sgt Ranjit’s father-in-law also visited Anura’s mother and told her of the arrest of her son and that he had been assaulted. He told her to pay 10 000 rupees to the police to have her son released. She said that she did not have the money. The next day she learned that her son had been killed in the police station. Later the family was informed that, according to the police, Anura had hanged himself inside his cell.

The DMO made a report stating the cause of death as suicide. At the coroner’s inquest, the brother of the deceased told that the deceased pleaded to have him saved from the police assaults. The family obtained an order from the magistrate for a second post-mortem to be done by a JMO. During the post-mortem, the JMO found two hearts and four lungs inside the corpse. The family suspects that the body was in the hospital mortuary at the time the magistrate gave an order for the second post-mortem inquiry. In order to subvert the second post-mortem, the dead body was reopened, and body parts taken from other dead bodies were put inside Anura’s dead body, and his body was closed again.

It is now more than one year since Anura’s death, but the mystery has not been solved. Unfortunately, it is not likely to be solved, either. The reason for this is that no one is investigating the case, although it falls under the scope of Act No 22 of 1994, and furthermore, is a brutal murder, the investigation of which has been blatantly sabotaged.

9. Namal Fernando: Victim of rajakariya

On 6 October 2001 at about 8pm, three police officers and some others in uniform came to the house of Namal FERNANDO, 37, a full time social worker and father of three from Pitipana Duwa, Negombo. The officers arrived in a white van. Inside the van was Sunanda Appuhamy, who identified Namal. The police took Namal away, saying it was their rajakariya (state duty) to do so. The police gave neither Namal nor his family any reason for his arrest. At this stage Namal’s wife and brother also were put into the van and they were driven to the house of Herman Sarath Fernando, a friend of Namal, at Wennupuwa. As Sarath Fernando was not at home the police guarded the house and waited for about three hours. At this stage attorney Chaminda Silva arrived and took down the numbers of all police officers. The OIC was MATHEW of the MUNDALAMA Police Station. After that, Namal was put into another police van and taken to Puttlam.

At about 12:45am the van stopped at Madampe and the police drank liquor inside the van. At this stage someone in civilian dress hit Namal in the face three times with his fist, causing him to shout in pain. Then the Van was driven to Mundalama Police Station, about 70km away from Negombo, where one police officer used his fists and feet to assault Namal and then put him inside a police cell.

A Catholic priest, Gerald Jayawardene, came to the police station with a group of others and inquired about the reason for Namal’s arrest. The were told by the police officer who had assaulted Namal that Namal had threatened him by putting a pistol against his head. Namal was put back inside the cell and kept there for another half an hour. After that the OIC and four other officers got into a jeep and took Namal to Wennupuwa. They stopped the jeep near Sarath Fernando’s house and took Namal out towards the house and assaulted him. Then Namal was pressed to the ground by two police officers. They put their feet on both sides of Namal’s shoulders while another officer pointed a gun at him. Another officer shouted, “Yakko (you devil)! Unload that gun!” Then the officer holding the gun said that if the gun fired he would say he had shot because the prisoner had tried to escape.

Again they put Namal back into police jeep and took him to the Green Villa Guesthouse at Haldaduwana. The officer in charge got out of the jeep there and the other police officers took Namal to another house and hit his chest and knees with the butt of a T-56 firearm. Due to severe pain Namal involuntarily evacuated his bowels. Thereafter he was taken to the office of the SSP Chilaw and on the October 7 was taken back to Mundalama Police Station. Later Sarath Fernando was also brought to the station and a Catholic nun, Sister Benedict, visited Namal there also.

After that the OIC showed a statement to Namal and Sarath, which they signed in fear, though the content was not read to them. At 2:30pm Namal was taken to the hospital at Mundalama and a doctor examined him. At 3:30pm a police officer took statements from Namal and Sarath and told them that they had been taken into custody regarding a robbery that had taken place at Marrinawatte. Only at that stage was Namal informed of the charges. At 8:30pm, Namal was produced before a magistrate and was remanded in custody. Next day, however, he was released without charge. It appears that his arrest was a case of mistaken identity. Namal was sent to Ragama Hospital for treatment.

10. Bandula Rajapakse, R P Sampath Rasika Kumara, Ranaweera & Chaminda Dissanayake: Company scapegoats

In February 2002 four employees of the North Pole Lanka (Pvt) Ltd were arrested by police from the JA-ELA Police Station over the loss of 46 rolls of cloth from the company stores. They were Bandula RAJAPAKSE (forklift operator), R P Sampath Rasika Kumara (officer in charge of the stores), RANAWEERA (security guard), and Chaminda DISSANAYAKE (an executive officer). After several days in detention the four persons all repeatedly denied any involvement in the theft, which trade unionists believe is a case of the management trying to shift the blame onto the workers, rather than accept responsibility personally.

Thereafter, on February 19 & 20 the four men were savagely assaulted, allegedly at the instigation of OIC Crimes IP SURIYAKUMARA, by two police officers not yet identified. The policemen attacked the three suspects using rubber hose and PVC pipes on their backsides, for 15 minutes. Before the attack the suspects were ordered to keep their hands on the wall; when Rasika turned the other way he got blows on the knees and fingers as well. Ranaweera got blows only from the PVC pipe. Chaminda was spared much of the assault, but was kicked by a policeman.

Hearing of the violence, about 1000 persons organised by the trade union movement picketed the front of the police station. With popular pressure mounting, the suspects were taken to a DMO at night, and thereafter produced before a magistrate. Four lawyers appearing for the suspects moved for bail, which the magistrate granted and then ordered the suspects be produced before a JMO.

AHRC has requested the DIG Sri Lanka, B M Liyanage, to conduct a criminal investigation and proceed in this case under Act No 22 of 1994 to prosecute the culprits. AHRC has also asked that OIC Suriyakumara, the alleged instigator of not only this but many other regular acts of torture at Ja-ela Police Station, be suspended pending the results of the inquiry.

Indeed, JA-ELA Police Station has become notorious for its acts of brutality against ordinary people, which in part explains the outrage felt after this most recent incident. In an earlier case that AHRC has been made aware of, one Amarasinghe Morris Elmo DE SILVA, a naval officer, went to the police station on the morning of 9 January 2001 with his wife and her cousin, to see his wife’s uncle, who was in custody. A PC Sugath started uttering filthy words to his wife and her cousin. Elmo politely told the police officer not to talk to the women like that. Then Constable Sugath took him by the tee shirt neck and asked, “Who the hell are you to teach me how to talk?” He dragged Elmo inside the police station and slapped him twice. Then his wife and her sister began to cry out loud and they were pushed aside. Elmo was put in a cell. At 12:30pm PC Sugath and some other police officers took him out of the cell. One of them put one of his hands between the victim’s legs and tightly held his neck with the other. Then PC Sugath, IP SURIYAKUMARA, IP PUSHAPAKUMARA and several others hit him with their hands, feet, belts and hose pipes. IP Pushapakumara ordered him to take of his clothes, after which he was tied with his tee shirt and his soles beaten with belts and hose. The police officers then used offensive language about naval officers, and forced Elmo to lie face down so they could sit on his back and continue to beat him. Finally, he was forced to sign some documents that he did not know the contents of.

On January 10 a naval legal officer and medical officer came to the station and examined Elmo de Silva. A complaint was lodged against the police officers at Je-ela Police Station itself and the ASP’s office at Peliagoda. Then the victim was put into a ward at the Ja-ela Hospital. The same evening he was taken to a magistrate and four charges were brought against him. Till then he did not know that he had been charged with anything at all. The magistrate ordered a JMO to examine him and submit a report, after which he was sent to the Negombo General Hospital, where he stayed till January 16, with pains in the chest and abdomen where he had been hit. He was taken back to the magistrate on that day and bail granted, after which he remained at the hospital for another two days. In this case also a complaint was made to the NHRC. On 20 May 2002 a fundamental rights petition was submitted to the Supreme Court against the officers who beat him, the OIC Ja-ela, the IGP and the Attorney General, on the grounds that his arrest and detention were illegal.

Similarly, Uchitha Thushara Kumara, a 33-year-old father of two, was tortured to death by police at JA-ELA Police Station on 24 March 2001. Officers from the station had arrested him just that morning, using a warrant for a minor offence. He was sent to the remand prison in Negombo on the evening of the same day.

On the March 26, when his family made inquires about him, they learned that he had died and that remand authorities had informed the Ja-ela police about the death, with an instruction to inform the family. To that date, no such communication has yet been made by the police.

The magistrate of the area visited the remand prison to see the body and made an order for it to be sent for examination by the JMO of Ragama Hospital. This examination was completed and the sealed report sent to court. The family found out that the medical officer’s report stated that the death was due to internal injuries, understood to have been caused to the victim while he was still in Ja-ela Police Station.

11. R P Kavinda: “Are you the dog who says he’s from the army?”

On 29 January 2001, RAJAPAKSE PATHIRAGE Kavinda, a disabled lance corporal, was traveling as a pillion passenger on a motorbike when he was stopped at about 11:30am by a police officer of the PADUKKA Police Station, at Padukka Junction, for not wearing a helmet. He explained that he was rushing to get an urgent loan from a government office and that he was a disabled officer of the Sri Lankan Army. The two fell into an argument, and instead of letting him go on his way, the police officer assaulted him and then radioed his colleagues for back up while Pathirage lay on the ground. Four officers came in a jeep and assaulted him with clubs. Pathirage pleaded for the police to stop, begging that he was already disabled, but the police ignored his pleas.

R P Kavinda was then taken to the Padukka Police Station in the jeep. At the police station he was pulled before the OIC who in public view asked, “Are you the dog who says he is from the army? (Thoda armyeke kiyana balla?) You do not know what the police are like! (Tho danne nae policeye hati!)”, and boxed him hard on his ears. Then the OIC said, “You should show respect for the police certificate that you took to get into the army!” and began to assault Pathirage. He was then pulled inside and beaten all over his body by six police officers with clubs, fists and feet-including kicks to the lower abdomen-and also verbally assaulted.

After the beatings, the police took him to Padukka Hospital where the doctor did not even bother to examine him, but just asked his age. On January 31 he was brought before a magistrate and remanded for 14 days. On the morning of February 1 he was brought from remand prison to a doctor at MO Base Hospital, Avissawella. The medical report found injuries to Pathirage’s face, limbs and abdomen, including “both eardrums showing fresh perforations”, consistent with the assault described above. As a result, Pathirage suffered impaired hearing and pain in both ears, dizzy spells, headaches and pains in the abdomen. On February 28 he was admitted to the National Hospital in Colombo, where he was kept under observation until March 14.

The victim has identified most of the police officers who have tortured him. Despite availability of strong medical and other evidence, the Attorney General has not yet taken action to file charges of torture.

12. Tennekoon Banda: “Where is the toddy?”

Ehalagoda Gedara TENNEKOON Banda, a 36-year-old farmer and father of three children, was arrested at his home in Perakanatte, Wilgamuwa, at about 7:30pm on 12 June 2002 by two police officers from the WILGAMUWA Police Station. He was then taken and mercilessly assaulted during the night by SI Nalin GUNAWARDENE and PC RATNAYAKE (#2304). While being tortured he was asked, “Where is the kassipu (toddy) and dagara (a raw material used to make toddy)?” These questions indicate that the police may have been given a tip-off by someone that Tennekoon Banda was engaged in the illicit liquor business. Coming from a deeply Buddhist family with a brother who is a monk, Tennekoon Banda had not been involved in any such activity. While being tortured, he told the police officers that he had had surgery twice not long ago and showed the marks on his lower abdomen. However, this made no impression on the police, as they continued to beat him.

At about noon on June 13, the police released Tennekoon Banda to his wife and his sister’s son, in a critical condition. He was not charged with anything. He could not eat, could not talk and could not walk. He was admitted to the Kolongoda Government Hospital where he was treated until June 21. The admitting doctor recorded his injuries as including contusions on the inside of his upper lip, on the back of his shoulder, on his forehead, and on both hands. The JMO’s report is still awaited. Because of the torture, this farmer will now be unable to do his work for a considerable period of time.

This case bears a resemblance to another recently reported in the media of A R L Ananda, a 50-year-old farmer granted leave by the Supreme Court to proceed in a fundamental rights petition after allegedly being tortured and falsely charged by toddy-hunting police. A R L Ananda alleges that on 3 June 2002, Sgts WITHARANA and MENDIS of the DENIYAYA Police Station came to his home in civvies and aimed a pistol at him, asking for toddy. The officers then began to beat him in the presence of his wife, brothers and six children in a humiliating manner, when he told them he had no toddy. The police officers then ordered him to come to the police station, where his signature was obtained on a blank document, under threat. Later that night, he was released from police custody, with a warning that he should not make any complaint to any higher authority.

After his release, A R L Ananda was admitted to Deniyaya Base Hospital for seven days. He was also compelled to obtain Ayurvedic treatment. On leaving the hospital, he made a complaint to the ASP of Weligama-Akuressa area. In response, on June 5, the OIC Deniyaya filed a plaint against A R L Ananda in the Morawaka Magistrate’s Court, charging him with the illegal possession of 80 drums of toddy. He pleaded not guilty to the charge and alleged it was an attempt to cover up the torture.

In granting leave to proceed with the case, the Supreme Court bench also directed the Registrar to call for medical reports from the hospital where petitioner A R L Ananda was warded after he was allegedly attacked by the police officers. The court further ordered the DIG of Southern Province to forward a copy of the report submitted by him to the court. That case has been fixed for hearing on September 26.

13. Eric Kramer: “Tell the truth or you will be killed”

Eric Antunia KRAMER, a 43-year-old father of three, of Katunayake in Colombo, is a welding mechanic for Ceylon Grain Elevators Ltd. The company, which produces poultry food and is owned by a Singapore national, has employed him since 1995.

At about 4:30pm on 28 May 2002, Eric Kramer was asked by Mr. Piyadasa, a company security officer, to identify two oxygen cylinders that he used for welding, which Eric did. Two other members of the company, Neil Jayaweera and Stanley Christopher, and a police subinspector from the Mutuwal police station also questioned him inside an office of the company’s security division. They asked how these oxygen cylinders, that may have been used in an attempted burglary on the company’s money safe, were found on the fourth floor of the building. Eric responded that he did not know. At about 6pm he was taken to the MUTUWAL Police Station in a jeep.

After being in detention for about an hour, the OIC Crimes, the SI who arrested Eric and two other officers wearing civilian clothes began to torture him. The SI beat him with all over his body except his head with a leather belt, and the OIC Crimes slapped him and kicked him twice. He was then held by his hair and taken near the window, to show Stanley Christopher that he was being beaten by all four of the police officers.

Afterwards, Eric was taken to another room by the SI and two other officers, told to lie down and beaten on the soles of his feet and all over his body with a leather belt and wooden poles for about two hours. At about 2am on May 29, the OIC Crimes became drunk and put a leather belt around Eric’s neck, tightened it and threatened him: “Tell the truth, or you will be killed.” The next day, May 30, he was released at about 9:45pm.

On June 3, Eric Kramer was taken to the Weralabadda Police Station where a statement was recorded by a police officer named Perera, and he was kept there overnight. He was questioned by the OIC of that police station at about 10am on June 4. At about 5pm, this officer told him that he was no longer a suspect in any investigation.

Eric Kramer is still suffering from the torture inflicted on him, as he cannot walk properly because of the beatings on the soles of his feet and he has chest pains. He has gone to a private hospital where he has received medical tests, and the medical investigation is continuing. Meanwhile, he has made a complaint to the Chief Justice and other authorities.

14. Susil Jayalath: A mysterious fall

UDUWA WIDANELAGE Susil Jayalath, a 19-year-old of Sapugaskanda, was arrested by the local police with two other people. According to the family, when the police arrested him he was drinking from a coconut in an area where the police had made a raid against drug-users. The family maintains that the boy did not use any drugs and in fact he did not even smoke.

Precisely what happened to Susil after his arrest remains a mystery. What is certain, however, is that he died on 29 June 2002 while in custody of the SAPUGASKANDA Police Station. The medical report issued by doctors at Colombo North Teaching Hospital indicates that injuries to his lower body were consistent with blunt force type injuries sustained due to direct blows. The lower injury is consistent with an injury sustained due to kicking and the upper injury is consistent with injury due to a direct blow on the back with a blunt weapon such as a wooden pole.

However according to the medical report, his death was not caused by these injuries, rather, the report observed:

The injuries to the head, back and the elbow mentioned above, when taken together, are consistent with injuries sustained due to the body forcibly coming into contact with a hard, rough surface (such as tarred-road) following a backward fall with some amount of movement thereafter.

The family claims that the boy was thrown out of the van in which the police were taking him. The police claim he jumped. What is not in dispute is that prior to either being thrown from the van or jumping from it, Susil Jayalath was in police custody, and had been beaten by the arresting officers. On receipt of the medical report, the magistrate at Gampaha Magistrate’s Court issued instructions for a full inquiry. To date the case has not yet undergone a criminal investigation as required by the criminal procedure law or a judicial inquiry as required under the law.

This case has led to the largest protest by the people of the Sapugaskanda area in recent times. The police had to be removed from the area, and the military had to be deployed to bring the situation under control. The protest showed a very deep-seated resentment by the people against the practices of the police.

15. T K Hiran Rasika & E A Kasun Madusanka: Torture of children

On 8 July 2002 two children studying at Millika Mahavidyala (High School), were arrested by officers attached to the HINIDUMA Police Station investigating a theft from the school canteen. The two were 10-year-old T K Hiran Rasika, from grade 5, and 12-year-old E A Kasun Madusanka, from grade 8.

According to Hiran, the brother of the school canteen officer, Gamachige Saman, came to his house at about 6pm on 8 July 2002 and called for him to go to the Hiniduma Police Station regarding some thefts. Hiran refused to go, and shortly after Gamachige came back with two officers from the police station who were not in uniform. They took Hiran and Kasun to the police station together. As they went, one of the two police officers pulled Hiran by his ear and hair and said, “Kasun broke into the canteen, no? (Kasun cantena kaduwa, neda?)”. They went together with the canteen officer and his brother.

At the police station the boys were told to admit their involvement in the theft. Two officers began assaulting Hiran, telling him to say that Kasun broke into the school canteen. They also tortured Kasun, demanding that he admit to breaking into the school canteen. The boys were first made to kneel on the floor inside a room at the police station and were told to stretch out their arms, while heavy objects covered with police uniforms were placed on his hands. After some time, they were told to get up and hold both ears and to keep on jumping. Thereafter, Hiran was hit with clubs on his legs, thighs, and the back of his body. Objects were inserted under his fingernails. His hair was pulled with pliers. His penis was pulled several times, he was hung up by the legs, and the soles of his feet were beaten with a club. Kasun was also hit with clubs on his legs, thighs, and the back of his body, then his testicles were put inside a drawer and the drawer closed. His fingernails were pulled. The police assault took place from about 6:15pm to 12pm, when, due to intense pain and suffering, Kasun became willing to admit to breaking into the canteen. However Hiran refused to admit to witnessing him having done it, so the assaults continued until he finally also agreed to do as the police instructed. Throughout the ordeal the boys yelled and screamed, but no other police officers came to investigate.

The boys were released without charge around noon on July 9. They were both taken to Hiniduma Police Hospital and then the Karapitiya Teaching Hospital at Galle, where they were treated until July 27. However both are suffering ongoing ill-effects from the torture, physical and psychological.

Hiran Rasika and his father have submitted a fundamental rights petition to the Supreme Court with the assistance of W R Sanjeewa. The respondents are the OIC Hiniduma, the ASP Galle, the IGP, Attorney General, school principal, Palitha Hettigama, and school canteen manager, Shirromi Deepika and his brother. Hiran’s father maintains that not only was his son not charged with any offence, but also at no time was his family informed of the arrest. In fact, Hiran was never detained with the intention of charges being laid against him, but rather to have him confess against his schoolmate.

The incident has been reported on television and in other mass media. A leading newspaper, Divayina, questioned why the police were called to investigate the theft. It recalled the incident in Ambilipitiya where 28 school children disappeared after a school principal conspired with some soldiers to assist him with his private dispute. Meanwhile, the ASP Galle, rather than ordering a prompt inquiry into the incident in order to punish the perpetrators, has reportedly said on the radio that the two torturers have since been transferred elsewhere.

16. Chaminda Premelal: “We will kill you and throw you away”

V G G Chaminda Premalal, a 16-year-old grade 11 student at Dibulagala Mahavidyalaya (High School), Polonnaruwa, was arrested by several officers of ARALAGANVILA Police Station while he was at home on 9 July 2002, at about 7:40pm. The arresting officers said that he was being taken for questioning over several theft cases. At the station, he was told that he was responsible for breaking into a hair salon and some houses in the area, which he denied. He was then beaten with a PVC pipe on his back, including his spinal cord, and on the soles of his feet. His head was pushed hard against a wall several times. He was then pushed onto the floor, and the officers trampled upon his body. He was held at the station overnight.

The following day, July 10, he was taken to the upper floor of the station by two police officers of the Crimes Division, Lalith RAJAMANTRI and Nihal, who were drunk, and several other officers. They showed him a rope and said, “We will hang you up; we will kill and throw you away. You know we can escape. We can say that you ran away on the way. We will break your hands and legs. We will hit you in a way you will die in a month.” After that they continued to assault him. During the assault, Chaminda yelled and screamed, but no other officers came to investigate. Finally he shouted, “Don’t hit me. My head is aching. I will admit to anything.”

Then the torture stopped. He was taken home, but his personal belongings, including the bicycle he uses to go to school, a screwdriver and a calculator were kept in police custody. He was taken back to the police station and held there. The next day he came before a magistrate, and was ordered released on bail.

As a result of being tortured, the soles of Chaminda Premalal’s feet are swollen, and he has pain in his spine. He faints periodically and has headaches, vomits, and is confused. He has been treated at the hospital in Aralaganvila. A fundamental rights application has been lodged on his case in the Supreme Court, against the police involved in the assault, the OIC Aralaganvila, the SSP Polonnaruwa, the IGP and the Attorney General.

17. Maldeni Piyaratne: Beaten to death in under 45 minutes

MALDENI KANKANAMAGE Piyaratne, a 33-year-old father of one, obtained a special degree in zoology in 1996. After graduation, he worked as a research assistant on a project conducted by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) in collaboration with the University of Peradeniya Department of Zoology.

On 29 June 2002 Maldeni was admitted to Peradeniya Teaching Hospital with a fever. Before admission to the hospital, blood tests were taken and test reports showed that the blood was normal. After admission, blood samples were again taken and sent for a report, which was received on July 3. His wife, Nilmini Herat, visited him at the hospital that morning, and he had been quite normal and talked to her in the usual way.

At about 10:30am on July 3, one of Maldeni Piyaratne’s colleagues, Ranasinghe, called Nilmini to say that her husband was being beaten by the police near the Gatabe Temple. This colleague, who had been passing the place on a bus, had seen Piyaratne being beaten and had left the bus to intervene. The colleague told the police of his and Maldeni’s identity and asked them not to beat him. At this time, Maldeni still had a canula attached to his hand and was wearing the sarong he had on in the hospital. Both of these indicated that he was an in-patient, however despite this and Ranasinghe’s assurances, he was chased away, and Maldeni Piyaratne was taken to the nearby PERADENIYA Police Station.

Ranasinghe rushed to the university and came back to the police station with Prof Parakkrama Karunaratne to intervene on his colleague’s behalf. The time it took for the two men to return to the police station was no more than 30 minutes, however by the time they arrived it was being washed clean of blood, and they were told by the police that Maldeni had been taken to hospital. At this time Nilmini Herat also arrived and saw the blood being washed off. The whole incident, ending in the victim’s death, had taken only approximately 45 minutes. This suggests extremely brutal types of assault.

Nilmini Herat rushed to Paradeniya Teaching Hospital and saw her husband on a trolley. There were wounds on his hands and face, and he was bleeding; he was still alive. His hands and feet remained bound with iron cuffs. According to her, the doctors had attempted to give him oxygen but were hampered by the chains on his hands and feet. The police went back to the station to get the keys for the locks, but by the time they returned, Maldeni was dead.

Nilmini Herat immediately lodged a complaint stating that the Peradeniya police were responsible for her husband’s death. The OIC Peradeniya is K M S BOVELA. A post-mortem inquiry conducted by the JMO at Kandy Hospital revealed injuries to the head as well as other parts of the body.

There is speculation as to how Piyaratne came to be out of the hospital not long after his wife had seen him sitting and talking normally. Some injection may have been administered to him, causing mental disorientation. However, no explanation has been offered or confirmed. In fact, there has been no inquiry into the matter at all. The reasons for the police actions remain completely unknown. The victim’s wife feels that there has been an attempt to hush-up the incident, particularly as in this case not only the police but also the hospital authorities are answerable. In the latter’s case, the question is one of negligence, for failing to be adequately responsible for a patient in their care.

This case has also been taken up by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Science and Human Rights Program, which is concerned with human rights violations committed against scientists and medical practitioners.

18. Arthur Vithange & Anusha Vithana: “You will both be put in the house and burned”

Arthur VITHANAGE, 60-years-old, and Anusha VITHANA, 20-years-old, are a father and daughter living in Ovitigala, Mathugama. At about 1pm on 30 June 2002, a group of police officers from MATHUGAMA Police Station arrived at their house in a police jeep. Only the driver wore a uniform. SI THENNEKONE entered the property and in reference to Arthur Vithanage’s son began saying, “You prostitute dog (Tho vesa balla), where is Jayantha?” Arthur Vithanage was beaten with a club and dragged to the back of the house. While he was dragged he fell down several times. He was pulled up each time he fell down and was beaten. As the father was being beaten, his daughter Anusha ran towards him. Sgt VITHANA hit her with a baton saying, “Go, prostitute girl, find your brother (Palayan vesa kelle, ayyawa gihin hoyapan)”.

Arthur Vithanage was dragged into the back of the house and beaten by both SI Thennekone and Sgt Ajith Vithana. The officers remarked, “Let us beat and break the leg of this old fellow, then his son will come running from where ever he is.” When his daughter again intervened saying, “Do not hit my father”, SI Thennekone hit her and pushed her. Arthur was then dragged to the police jeep while being beaten by Sgt Vithana, who shouted, “Get in, you son of a prostitute,” and pushed him inside. He was beaten further inside the police jeep, and his head was pushed onto an iron bar. Sgt Vithana further threatened Anusha, “This old fellow and you will both be put inside the house and burned.” SI Thennekone threatened to rape and kill her, saying, “We will kill her after playing with her (Api mekiwa maranne mekith ekka selamkarala evearwela).”

Arthur Vithanage was taken to the Mathugama Police Station, where Sgt Vithana continued beating him. PC LIYANAGE (#26166) and PC Anil (#13543)-who had travelled together with the party in the jeep-also beat him, in the presence of about 15 others. Then he was put inside a police cell. He was taken out at about 12:30pm the next day, July 1. He was threatened that his son’s hands and legs would be broken. He was told to sign a statement and then put back in the police cell again. He was produced before the Mathugama Magistrate’s Court at about 2pm the same day, with the charge of helping a suspect escape, and the magistrate gave him bail.

Arthur Vithanage was hospitalised the same day, until July 3. While in hospital he made a complaint to the hospital police. Later he made complaints to the ASP Kaluthara, the IGP and the NHRC. The Kaluthara General Hospital medical report indicated “grievous injuries… sufficient in the ordinary course of nature to cause death” inflicted with a blunt weapon. A fundamental rights application on his case has also been lodged in the Supreme Court, against the police officers involved in the assault, the OIC of the police station, the IGP and the Attorney General.

19. S A Piyadasa, S A Milantha & Aruna Kumara: “A good meal”

SUBASINGHE AARACHCHIGE Piyadasa is a retired civil servant, married with three children, who now sells coconuts for a living. At about 8am on 30 July 2002, S A Piyadasa went to the Diamond Jubilee School to meet his grandson. At that time he became involved in a dispute with the security watchman of the school premises. Then a few teachers from the school intervened and settled the matter. Piyadasa’s son, S A Milantha, who was at home at that time, learned about the dispute and came to the school, as their home is only about 500 metres away. After that they went home together.

After S A Piyadasa arrived home he got ready to go to cut coconut. It was about 9am when five persons arrived at his home from the PANADURA Police Station. Two of them wore police uniforms and the other three were in civilian clothes. One of the persons in civilian clothes asked him, “Who is Piyadasa?” He replied that it was him. Later he learned that the person who questioned him is known as “Major”. He then asked him where his son was. S A Milantha stepped out of the house. They called him to the compound in front of the house and told him to stay beside S A Piyadasa. They also called Piyadasa’s son in law, Aruna Kumara, who was at home at that time, saying, “You too come here.” Saying that, the “Major” took a stick and assaulted him with it. After that they removed the tee shirt of S A Milantha and used it to tie his hands behind his back. Then “Major” assaulted all three of them with the stick. The other four persons surrounded them and also started beating them. As they were being beaten, Piyadasa’s wife and daughter watched from within the house.

Continuing to assault them, the police officers loaded all three into the jeep. They were taken to the school and told to get down. They were brought near the school gate and the police started beating them, asking, “Will you come to this school again?” The police ordered Piyadasa and Milantha to kneel down and pay respect (by putting hands together and bowing) to the peon of the school, Gamini. Since they could not tolerate the beatings, they did so. After that the police ordered Piyadasa and Milantha to kneel down in the middle of the road. They ordered Aruna to leave. Then they ordered the two men to walk on their knees towards Galle Road. While they were walking on their knees, the police continued to beat them. They walked like this for about 100 metres. Then the police assaulted them again with a stick and took them into the jeep.

From there the two men were taken to the Criminal Division of the Panadura Police Station and after they arrived there the “Major” remarked, “This is a good meal.” Inside they were assaulted again. They were told to place their hands on a table and their hands were beaten with a stick. When that beating was coming to an end the police officer known as “Boxer” JAYASINGHE began beating S A Piyadasa on the head with a rubber pipe, causing him to become dizzy, so that he was made to kneel down. After that “Boxer” Jayasinghe beat S A Milantha with the rubber hose. Then a policemen who was had been typing in the room began beating him also. “Boxer” Jayasinghe ordered Milantha to beat his father’s feet. When he hit his feet only mildly, “Boxer” Jayasinghe began beating Milantha. After that he was forced to beat his father hard, who told his son, “Beat me, and there is no sin for that.” At no point was an attempt made to record a statement from them or question them in a normal manner, and no complaint was made by anyone, nor any other evidence on the basis of which they would be suspected of any offences was told or explained to them.

After about one hour of this treatment, both of them were locked up in a cell. At about 3pm, “Boxer” Jayasinghe and another police officer took the two men to Panadura Hospital. S A Piyadasa told the doctor that he has been beaten and showed the wounds to the doctor, but the doctor ignored them. After that he and his son were brought back to the cell in the police station. At night S A Piyadasa cried out in pain, and for lack of medical treatment. At about 4:15pm the next day, July 31, both of them were released on bail. “Boxer” Jayasinghe threatened that if they were to go to a hospital, their house would be burnt. Because of that they did not go to hospital. Instead, on August 1, they got treatment from an Ayurvedic doctor.

Due to the threats by the police and financial difficulties, S A Piyadasa did not make any complaint about the assault by the police. On August 7, however, they were brought before the NHRC after their case had become known. Having made a complaint there, on August 8 they went to the Police Headquarters and complained, after which Piyadasa was interned for three days while examined by the Pandura DMO. The doctor discovered that a bone in his lower left arm was broken and bones in the right arm were broken and crushed. Piyadasa then made a further complaint to the DIG Panadura. A fundamental rights application has also been lodged with the Supreme Court, against the police involved in the assault, the OIC Panadura, the IGP Panadura Division and IGP of Police Headquarters, and the Attorney General.

This is not the first reported instance of brutality by “Boxer” JAYASINGHE of PANADURA Police Station. On 4 June 2002 he also recorded as having arrested one H FONSEKA and thrown him twice into the Panadura River. H Fonseka managed to escape the first time he was thrown in, was caught and again thrown into the river by “Boxer” Jayasinghe. Some people intervened and saved him. He was unconscious when he was saved, and would surely have drowned but for their assistance. The medical report of June 6 from Panadura Base Hospital mentioned several injuries due to the attempted drowning. A complaint of attempted murder has been made in this case, but no action has been taken. It has also been brought to the attention of the NHRC.

20. H K Sampath: “I will plant bombs in your house and implicate you”

HETTIARACHCHIGE Krishantha Sampath is a 22-year-old vegetable seller, and is the sole income earner in his six-member family. At about 11am on 1 August 2002, six unidentified police officers from the PANADURA Police Station came to the Petitioner and told him, “We have to take a statement from you, get into the jeep.” Four of the six officers did not have uniforms on. The policemen also asked Krishantha, “Who were your friends who broke into the house opposite of yours?” When Krishantha said that he did not know about that the police officers told him, “Let us look into that at the police station.”

At the Panadura Police Station Krishantha was ordered to sit on a bench till about 2:30pm. Then an out of uniform police officer took him into a container in the police station compound. There he began severely beating Krishantha with his fists, on his cheeks, head and stomach. While beating him, the police officer used obscenities, and said, “Tell me who your friends are who broke into the house.” After beating Krishantha for about 10 minutes, he ordered him to sit on the bench in the police station again. He was subsequently forced to sign a statement, and released from the police station at about 5:45pm.

At about 2am on 3 August 2002, around five policemen from the Panadura Police Station again came in to take Krishantha from his house. None of the police officers wore uniforms, and none informed him of their identities, nor what he was being arrested for. None of them showed a warrant for his arrest. The police officers told Krishantha’s parents that he would be sent back home after giving a statement. Then they threatened the parents not to follow them to the police station, saying that if they did, they would cut off the tongue and then the head of their son, or would beat him till he become insane or mentally ill. Krishantha’s arrest was also witnessed by his neighbour, who has submitted an affidavit on what occurred.

Krishantha was taken back to the station by jeep, and after passing through a number of junctions arrived there at about 3:30am. After the jeep arrived in the compound, Krishantha was taken out of it. One IP Indrajith immediately began to beat his cheeks and head with his fists. Then he was told to sit on the floor of the station and IP Indrajith assaulted him severely using a rubber hose. He then squeezed Krishantha’s neck tight and dragged him by it to a cell and threatened him, saying, “I will hang you up and beat you, I will plant bombs in your house and implicate you for that and file cases against you.”

At about 8am on August 3, Krishantha’s aunt came to visit him. Krishantha informed her that IP Indrajith had beaten him. At about 9am Shiran de Silva was also shown to him. Shiran De Silva asked Krishantha about some things and then signed for his bail. Shiran de Silva is a former village security officer. Later Krishantha learned that his aunt had complained before the NHRC. Subsequently, NHRC staff spoke to the OIC Panadura and the latter agreed to release the detainee on bail. After his release, he was admitted to Kalubowila General Hospital, where he stayed from August 3 to 6.

On August 5 about five police officers from Panadura Police Station visited Krishantha at the hospital and questioned him about the incident, recorded a statement and obtained his signature for it. He has since lodged a fundamental rights petition in the Supreme Court against IP Indrajith, the OIC Panadura, the IGP and the Attorney General.

21. Janaka & Tilan Perera: Assaulted without knowing why

Kasturi Arrchige Janaka PERERA and Mahamarakkalge Tilan PERERA are brothers-in-law who live in the same residence in Panadura. At about 5pm on 28 June 2002, PC Lal GUNATHILAKA and seven other police officers arrived at their home with two motor cycles and a three-wheeler. Several of the officers immediately assaulted both the men, hitting and kicking them, dragging them along the road and finally putting them in the three-wheeler. At the time, none of the police officers were wearing uniforms or anything to identify them as police officers in any other way.

Janaka and Tilan Perera were taken to the PANADURA Police Station without being told the reason for their arrest. At the station, they were again assaulted by several police officers led by PC Lal, after which, at about 10:30pm two officers took them to the Panadura Hospital. A medical officer examined the men and advised that they needed to be hospitalised for further treatment. The two officers refused to allow them to be hospitalised. They were then taken back to the police station and further assaulted by several officers. They were then put inside a police cell and spent the night there.

At about 6:30pm on June 29 the two men were brought out of the cell and produced before SI LIYANARACHCHI, who swore at them obscenely, threatened to break their hands and legs, and to kill them. After this they were forced to sign statements, the contents of which were not explained to them. At no point were they informed of why they had been detained. They were subsequently granted bail and told to appear at the Panadura Magistrate’s Court on July 2, after which they were again released on bail.

Janaka Perera went directly to the Panadura Base Hospital after his release from the police station and was warded there until midday on July 1. He made a statement to the hospital police post while there. After leaving the hospital he began to vomit blood, and he again went for medical help, at the Kalubowila Teaching Hospital, from where he was directed to go to the National Hospital in Colombo for special treatment. Thereafter, his nose was operated on several times. Tilan Perera has been taking Ayurvedic treatment. The men have since lodged a fundamental rights application with the Supreme Court, against PC Lal, SI Liyanarchi, the OIC Panadura, the IGP and the Attorney General.

22. Ejan Moulana: “Give the items!”

Shazyed Mohomad Issas Hussane MOULANA is the owner of the Shek Medical Centre situated at Thakiya Junction, Bandaragama. On 9 July 2002, two men with T-56 guns and IP Prasanna SILVA, the OIC of KESELWATTE Police Station, entered his house at about 10:30pm, where he was sitting with his assistant, Baba. They came in a police jeep and a van, but none were wearing uniforms. The OIC put a revolver in Baba’s mouth and said, “Give the items! (Buditika deepan!).” IP Prasanna turned and asked Ejan, “Are you Ejan Moulana?” to which he replied that he was. The OIC then began using obscene language and threatened him, “If you don’t want to get beaten up give the two vehicles worth thirty lakhs (300,000 rupees) and the other thing.” As Ejan did not know what the officer was talking about he was shocked and just stayed motionless, not knowing how to reply. IP Prasanna then hit him with his hand and began to search all over the house, opened the cupboards and taking things out, throwing them onto the floor. He beat Ejan repeatedly and banged his head against a wall six times.

Thereafter the two victims were put inside a van and taken to the Shek Medical Centre. The assailants searched the medical centre, pulling things out of cupboards and looked everywhere. IP Prasanna then pushed Ejan into a wall, pushed his head against it and assaulted him repeatedly. Altogether this event took about 30 minutes. Afterwards, Ejan Moulana was taken to the Keselwatte Police Station, assaulted again, and told to tell the truth or otherwise he would be hung up and beaten. After this he was put in a cell. Finally, he was released at 1:30pm on July 11, after being forced to sign a document, the contents of which were not revealed to him.

After being released Ejan Moulana went to his sister’s house at Panadura and then entered the Panadura Hospital. He made a statement to the Panadura hospital police post. He was discharged from the hospital at about 4pm on July 12. He was advised to take further treatment. He later learned that the police officers entering his house had earlier told people in the village that he was a thief, however no charges have been laid against him, nor to his knowledge, complaints made by anyone. Nor has any magistrate issued an arrest warrant for either of the victims of this incident. Ejan Moulana has made complaints to the OIC Panadura, SPP Panadura and NHRC. A fundamental rights application has also been made to the Supreme Court against IP Prasanna, the IGP and Attorney General.

The OIC of KESELWATTE Police Station, IP Prasanna SILVA, has more than one recorded assault against him. It is known that at around 12:30pm on 2 May 2001, one Ajith Nawaratne BANDARA was taken into custody by Keselwatte police personnel, and subsequently assaulted by IP Prasanna Silva, Sgt Palitha PERERA, security assistant SUNIL and jeep driver UPASIRI, among others. Subsequently, the assailants-except for the OIC-took Ajith to the Panadura Hospital DMO’s official residence, but the doctor did not examine him. The DMO simply gave the police a form, which was filled out on the boot of the car, and then handed back to the DMO. Ajith was then taken to a house at Wellabeda, Panadura, and left in the company of the assistant outside, while the other two went inside the house and came out with a document. That house turned out to be the bungalow of the local magistrate. The magistrate did not examine Ajith nor question him. Later he was taken to the remand cells. On May 4 he was presented before the court on charges of possessing heroin, and was bailed out. He entered Kalubowila Hospital on the same day, and was there for five days recuperating from his injuries. Complaints made to the OIC Panadura and to the NHRC to take action in this case have so far been unfruitful.

End Note
* Gerald Perera’s case was referred to by Dr Nalin Swaris, ‘Between the blinds: Torture and the human reed’, article 2, vol. 1, No 3, June 2002.

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